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Archive of the category 'Theory'

Three Junctures of Remix Catalog Available

The catalog for the exhibition Three Junctures of Remix, which took place from January 17 to March 15, 2013  is now available for download as a PDF. I would like to thank the entire gallery staff and committee members for making the exhibition possible, especially Trish Stone, Jordan Crandall, Hector Bracho, Doug Ramsey, and Scott Blair. I especially thank the artists Arcangel Constantini, Mark Amerika  & Chad Mossholder, Giselle Beiguelman, and Elisa Kreisinger,  who participated in the exhibition, and were generous in providing interviews now published in the catalog.

–Eduardo Navas

John Cage 3 Compositions for Piano @ 5 (Remix)

John Cage 3 Compositions for Piano @ 5 (Remix) is a mashup of three compositions that last around 5 minutes. After listening to the compositions over the years, I realized that a mashup of the three recordings would follow the principles of chance as promoted by Cage.  The compositions mashed include:

1) Music for Piano 2: 5:21
2) Roots of Unfocus: 5:01
3) Music for Marcel Duchamp: 5:20

This mashup is part of an ongoing series of remixes of John Cage piano compositions.

The recordings were performed by Steffen Schleiermacher, and released in John Cage Complete Piano Music Volume1 & 2, 1998.

John Cage 3 Compositions for Piano @ 4 (Remix)

John Cage 3 Compositions for Piano @ 4 (Remix) is a mashup of three compositions that last around 4 minutes. After listening to the compositions over the years, I realized that a mashup of the three recordings would follow the principles of chance as promoted by Cage.  The compositions mashed include:

1) Primitive: 4:03
2) Music for Piano 1: 3:47
3) Music for Piano 37-52 , Part 1: 4:01

This mashup is part of an ongoing series of remixes of John Cage piano compositions.

The recordings were performed by Steffen Schleiermacher, and released in John Cage Complete Piano Music Volume1 & 2, 1998.

John Cage 2 Compositions for Piano @ 3 (Remix)

John Cage 2 Compositions for Piano @ 3 (Remix) is a mashup of two compositions that last just over three minutes. After listening to the compositions over the years, I realized that a mashup of the two recordings would follow the principles of chance as promoted by Cage.  The compositions mashed include:

1) And the Earth Shall Bear Again: 3:15
2) Spontaneous Earth: 3:05

This mashup is part of an ongoing series of remixes of John Cage piano compositions.

The recordings were performed by Steffen Schleiermacher, and released in John Cage Complete Piano Music Volume1 & 2, 1998.

John Cage Music for 14 Pianos (Remix)

John Cage Music for 14 Pianos (Remix) is a mashup of Cage’s “Music for 5 Pianos,” “Music for 4 Pianos,” “Music for 3 Pianos,” and “Music for 2 Pianos.” All four pieces are 7 minutes plus a few seconds long. After listening to the compositions over the years, I realized that a mashup of the four recordings would follow the principles of chance as promoted by Cage. As a result this piece is part of a series of Cage remixes I will be releasing in the near future.

I will be remixing “Music for 14 Pianos” live at the upcoming event on September 7, 2013 at the El Chopo Museum, UNAM in Mexico City, at which point it will become part of much longer performance.

The recordings were performed by Steffen Schleiermacher, and released in John Cage Complete Piano Music Volume1 & 2, 1998.

Preliminary Notes on Analysis of Theodor Adorno’s Minima Moralia

Detail of Minima Moralia 21 and 22 and their respective remixes

Image 1: Word cloud visualizations of Theodor Adorno’s Minima Morlia, aphorisms 21 and 22 on the left and their corresponding remixes on the right. (Click image for detail)

My first post for Minima Moralia Redux is dated October 16 2011, but I had done much research prior to this date. I had been reading extensively on Theodor Adorno and his work, while also creating visualizations of YouTube viral memes for my post-doc at The Department of Information Science and Media Studies at the University of Bergen in affiliation with The Software Studies Lab in San Diego, now also based in NYC.  As I analyzed meme patterns, it became evident that much of the material that is discussed in terms of remixing in music and video, which is also quite popular across media culture, usually relies on acts of selectivity–meaning that with the ubiquity of cut/copy & paste, people tend to re-contextualize pre-existing material, much how DJs and producers used sampling to remix in dance music culture during the eighties. [1]

Image 2: Word cloud visualization of the first thirty aphorisms in Theodor Adorno’s Minima Moralia. (Click image to view large file)

Minima Moralia Redux is a type of mashup, itself, of art, writing as a literary act, and media research that explores how data visualization is providing new possibilities for understanding creative processes. The project explores the selective remix, which arguably is quite popular across culture since cut/copy and paste became a common act due to daily use of computers. Certainly this is the type of remixing that most people debate over in remix culture. The selective remix consists of evaluating the source material and deciding what to leave and what to omit, as well as what to add, all while making sure that the source material remains recognizable.[2]  This means that large parts are kept as originally produced while others may be radically different. A tension in authorship develops, as the remixer clearly shows creativity quite similar to an “author’s.” At the same time, the remixed work relies heavily on the cultural recognition of the author and his/her work.  Much has been written about such tensions, but it is my hope that the research I am now introducing here in preliminary fashion will be a contribution to understanding how we come to create works that appear to be autonomous and credited to a single person, and how we can move past such conventions to more productive approaches that do justice to the way culture is communicating at an ever increasing pace.

 

Image 3: Word cloud visualization of the remixes of the first thirty aphorisms in Theodor Adorno’s Minima Moralia (Click image for large file)

Minima Moralia Redux has various layers of significance. First, I wanted to explore, as I already explained, how the selective remix functions. I decided to do this by embedding myself in the process, as opposed to studying another person’s remix. In this project, I examine each entry carefully, do research on it, and eventually re-write it to make it relevant to issues that are taking place in contemporary times. While doing this, I keep in mind that it is the voice of Adorno that is at play here. This means that I need to make sure that Adorno’s theories remain his.  In other words, it is not necessarily my opinion that is expressed in the remixes, although I do take creative license and adjust– even critique Adorno’s views within his own writing. This is no different than a music remixer who often times will create a different piece of music, one which nevertheless, is not credited to him/her as author/artist, but only as a person who remixed the author’s work. In the case of music this is done in the commercial sector for increasing sales, but in remix culture, it is done because people may simply love doing it, and/or are fans of the artist/author.  Taking this approach with Adorno’s work, I argue, is only fair given that Adorno himself believed in revising one’s view on life and the world. In the 1960s, he admitted that some of his critical analysis in Dialectic of Enlightenment, which he co-wrote with Horkheimer, no longer stood their ground in 1969. He considers the book “a piece of documentation.” By this Adorno and Horkheimer let the book be part of history. [3]  Based on this critical position on his part, it is very unlikely, for instance, that in 2013, he would use the word “savage” as he did when he wrote aphorism 32.[4]  The result of this approach in Minima Moralia Redux is a new text that is clearly still in large part Adorno’s, but which I hope resonates with the language and issues of the twenty first century.

I rewrite each aphorism  one sentence at a time, evaluating it word for word. I study the history of particular words, and evaluate the sentence’s relevance during the times when the book was written. I then consider how it may be understood and at play in contemporary times. When I rewrite the aphorisms I am conscious of the way remixing functions in music and video, and apply it to writing to see what the results may be. At the same time, I become immersed in the creative process based on intuition as I am also interested in exploring aesthetics.  I use two translations for the rewriting of each entry. The first is by Dennis Redmond, available on Marxists.org, and the other is the official English publication of Minima Moralia translated by E. F. N. Jephcott for Verso Press. I combine parts from both sources, while adjusting sentence structure, and I add and delete material to come up with a statement that is relevant to contemporary times.

For the word cloud visualizations I use Many Eyes, an online resource developed by Martin Wattenberg for IBM. The clouds are useful to evaluate how often words are repeated in the original entries. The visualization of the original text appears at the top of each blog entry. The main section of each post consists of the remixed text with a link to the original source available on Marxists.org. At the bottom is a thumb image of the same visualization along with a second visualization of the actual remix. These thumb images are presented with each post to provide a quick understanding of how key terms are reused and others omitted, while others are added in accordance to the principles of selective remixing. The reader can click on each thumb image to view a detailed version and compare them. I provide two visualizations of aphorisms  at the top of this entry (image 1).

The visualizations expose the constant usage of particular words, and when comparing the original entries to the remixed versions, it becomes evident how selectivity is at play. For instance, one can notice in aphorisms 21 and 22 that some of the words that are more pronounced in the original entry are still repeated often in the remixed versions, while others disappear and others are added (larger words means more repetition, smaller, less frequent). This is similar to how remixing functions in music as well.  I am also evaluating sentence structure and actual number of word repetition for each visualization. I will be releasing a concrete analysis of all this in the future in connection to viral memes, as well as a set of YouTube video mashups. The latter research I have not made available online at all, but two of the videos part of this research can be found on page 106 in my book Remix Theory.  My research of the selective remix as found in the thirty entries that I share on this post is part of my examination of selectivity in other forms of online media production. The idea to look at how remixing functions in text developed out my research in analyzing video. My findings so far have been that there are patterns that certainly crossover among image, music and text, which enables the viewer or reader to sense how remixing is at play in particular pieces.

So far I have remixed thirty-five aphorisms, and provide visualizations of thirty of them as part of this post. Image 2 offers an overall sense of the originals, and image 3 a comparative sensibility of how they were changed after they were remixed.  The process behind the production of each remixed entry takes quite some time to perform, so it will be a while before I can release my final version of this project. This brief entry should at least provide some details on the process that makes Minima Moralia Redux possible.

Below I provide a two column comparative visualization of the first thirty aphorisms (image 4). On the left are the original entries, and on the right appear the remixes. Examining one next to the other provides an idea of how different patterns are at play within and across the originals and the remixes, while looking at them as a large group gives a sense of the aesthetics of writing as a creative act–something that certainly cannot be fully measured, but one could hope can be appreciated.

Image 4: A two column comparison of the first thirty aphorisms of Theodor Adorno’s Minima Moralia and their remixed versions. Comparing each aphorism with its corresponding remix shows the process of selectivity that takes place in remixing text, which is deliberately performed, in this case, along the line of music remixing.

 

[1] I go over much of this in my book: Remix Theory: The Aesthetics of Sampling.

[2] If  too much material is omitted, then the remix may start to lean towards other types of remixes which will not be discussed in this instance. See chapter three in Remix Theory.

[3]Mark Horkheimer & Theodor Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment, trans. Edmund Jephcott (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987), xi -xii.

[4] See my remix, which is an extensive critique of Adorno’s conflicted bourgeois position, by using his own words: http://minimamoraliaredux.blogspot.com/2013/06/minima-moralia-32.html

Navasse Improvisation Circa 2000-01

An improvisation on two CDDJ players and two Technics 1200s recorded at some point in 2000 or 2001. It consists of a remix of various artists including The Art of Noise, Steve Reich, Roni Size, Kraftwerk, Miles Davis, Kruder and Dorfmeister, Underworld along with some bleeps and glitches.

This was a session done in one sitting and it’s not as smooth as I would like; yet, there are enough good moments that I think it is worth sharing, especially given that I am unlikely to recreate it. I am unable to provide credit for some of the tracks due to the fact that I don’t have all the records I used with me at the moment. The list of the songs is below:

1) Intro: excerpts of Kraftwerk: Trans Europe Express (1990 reissue) 0:00
2) Herbaliser: A Mother (Kruder & Dorfmeister Remix, 1996) 1:30
3) Art of Noise: Dragnet (1987) 5:28
4) Kraftwerk: Expo 2000 (2000) 8:26
5) Roni Size and Reprazent: Trust Me (1997) 10:15
6 & 7: Drum n Bass tracks currently unable to check name.
8) Bleeps, 22:00
9) Miles Davis: Chocolate Chip (1992) 24:00
10) Underworld: Bruce Lee (1999) 27:35
11) Malcom McClaren: Hobo Scratch (1982) 30:30
12) Steve Reich: Pulses (1997) 33:20
13) Techno/trance house track, currently unable to check name,
14) Kraftwerk: Numbers (1981) 39:42
15) Art of Noise: Beatbox (1984) 42:37

Hip-Hop to Dubstep: International Music Styles and the Remix, Part 7 of 7

Above: “La Femme Deadly Venoms Female DJS Beat makers”, included in the resource selections below.

List of online resources and music selection for week 7 of Hip-Hop to Dubstep, taught during the summer of 2013 at The New School’s  Media Studies, Department of Communication. I will be releasing brief notes based on my class lectures in the near future. If interested in looking at the actual class webpage with all the weekly selections at once, feel free to peruse this link: http://navasse.net/NS/NCOM3039A/. My notes will not be available on the class webpage, only on each corresponding entry here on Remix Theory. Please note that links may become broken. If and when this happens, the best thing to do is to search for the source by name. And do let me know if anything is broken and I will look into it.

View:
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6

Week 7
International Horizon/Diversification
July 15 – 19, 2013

Music Selecion and Relevant Links:

Girls Gone Vinyl, Documentary
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/05/24/girls-gone-vinyl-documentary-female-djs-movement-detroit_n_1542210.html
Girls Gone Vinyl on YouTube Selections:
http://www.youtube.com/user/girlsgonevinyl
Girls Gone Vinyl website:
http://www.girlsgonevinyl.com/

Hip Hop: The Furious Force of Rhymes: Women in Hip Hop
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8_adOF-VOh8&feature=c4-overview&playnext=1&list=TLaqu0mcSSNYo

Top Ten Female DJs in the World:
http://bestfemaledjs.wordpress.com/

Female DJs: We’re taking over
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WTlg72UMEPo

Female DJ Documentary – Girls In The Mix
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LAnGI5-lwA

La Femme Deadly Venoms Female DJS Beat makers
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gMBKF2Tr_o

DJ Miss Roxx @ Stand Pioneer – Mix Move Discom – 2012
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RzMukpVg6IA

How Women Are Portrayed in Hip Hop VIdeos
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2q5zlgkKas

Who Controls The Image Of Black Women AND Why Is Michelle Obama Always A Target ?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-6Edp3vXZdc

Ladies of Rap – Hip Hop Legends
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=saSUeq2jkFM

Tricia Rose: Hip Hop Futures
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tf8db7ZGGBk

Rock Steady Crew talk about women portrayal in hip hop and rap music:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nae1LR8a6Rg

 

Global Hip Hop Documentary Part 1 of 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OdrpSIxFBv8
Global Hip Hop Documentary Part 2 of 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOU56gQmiX8

Making Sense of Globalization: Japanese Hip Hop Culture 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EB4tccVWYOM
Making Sense of Globalization: Japanese Hip Hop Culture 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ChmXWdBp8vo

Nigerian DJs TV – Hip Hop World in Nigeria
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TnHFLXenZoI

Hip-Hop Culture in Latin America
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=04i2tEV_UDo
Hip Hop South America
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LU1zugz1zvY

Latino Hip Hop YouTube Selection
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2qXPXkdNbb0&list=
PLF12271F68AB3C83E

 

Ten Female DJs You Should Know
http://flavorwire.com/228632/10-female-djs-you-should-know
Ellen Allien
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S6LEuoJZZmY
Magda @ Florida (23-04-11)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0zxjREmnjhk
Lauren Flax
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vDErC8-MrUw
Maya Jane Coles – What They Say
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m2q7mbbBmSc
Miss Kittin DJ Set at Webster Hall 7/2/10
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b4K6tAN0FOw
Cassy @ DEMF 2008 part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YoqxfgCMz1Y
Jennifer Cardini @ Piknic Electronic 30 08 2008 Part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rT9XdlKasI8
Anja Schneider @ Loveparade 2008
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D-o_rsv9CaE

Exclusive interview with Psycho Bitch @ Rue 13 St Louis MO
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I26B_WTUJXs

 

Female DJ Pioneers:

DJ Sharon White
http://djsharonwhite01.podomatic.com/

Susan Marobito
http://djmorabito.com/music.cfm

Nancy Noise
http://www.nancynoise.com/

Lisa Loud Miles for Sound
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGWXePAz6pc
https://soundcloud.com/lisa-loud

DJ Shortee – “Coffee Cuts” Scratch Practice 9/14/06
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=095kNKAjLSM
Rane Sixty Two DJ Faust DJ Shortee | NAMM 2013 |
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xC4MDRAA650
TurntableU.com Lesson – DJ Shortee
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AYY6OSyUgh4
DJ Shortee’s Main website
http://www.djshortee.com/

DJ Storm @ Metalheadz
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmikLIDlYAY
Kemistry & Storm with MC Flux & MC Navigator
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D1aKcrfuxXM

 

Contemporary DJs

DJ Shiva:
http://www.subterror.com/djshiva/shivaaudio.htm
DJ Shiva on Beatport
http://dj.beatport.com/djshiva

DJ Rap – Bad Girl (Bad Girl Roller Remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QY14ZIH_e6Q
Journeys Through the Land of Drum ‘n’Bass (Album)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=diebfnpf_Xc

Lady Waks & DJ ICON @ Record Club # 168 (07-03-2012)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e85m-634c8Y
DJ Icon Tracks
http://www.djicon.com/music/tracks.html

Sister Bliss
http://www.mixcloud.com/SisterBlissOfficial/

Ellen Allien
http://www.discogs.com/artist/Ellen+Allien
Ellen Allien – Sun The Rain
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hAdy15aO2Qs
Ellen Allien – Take Me Out
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x5rYcd73mOM
Allien’s Label Bpitch Control
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DoxUiqUpkw4&list=PL737AA8061CFB11DC

 

Female MCs/Rapper Pioneers:

Queen Latifah
http://queenlatifah.com/
Queen Latifah, YouTube Channel:
http://www.youtube.com/artist/queen-latifah
Queen Latifah YouTube Music Selection:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3PfGRsWFIk&feature=
c4-overview&playnext=1&list=TLIVnn5SOiNvg

Monie Love – It’s A Shame (My Sister)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KSU73awbZUw
Samples from The Spinners’ “It’s a Shame”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DE0EOIqwiQI
Monie Love (feat. True Image) – “It’s A Shame (My Sister)” Extended MIx
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pViDkF2MIWQ
Monie Love – Monie In Middle
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aCwMFwvwieo

MC Lyte – Paper Thin
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WH5CmB44TaY
MC Lyte YouTube Music Selection
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A2IZtD9gfzg&list=
PL100B229CADF5C40C

Roxanne, Roxanne – U.T.F.O. (1984)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgaedPLT43k
The Roxanne Battles from the BEEF II DVD
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yu6nxP34EeI
Roxanne Shante: “Roxanne’s Revenge”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zVy2LHKFG18
The Real Roxanne – The Real Roxanne
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1eNO4bLrT0
The Roxanne Battles
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yu6nxP34EeI

Salt n Pepa – “Push It”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vCadcBR95oU
Salt n Pepa – “Let’S Talk About Sex”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qzfo4txaQJA
Salt n Pepa “Shake Your Thang”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vd9JLyEp3rc
Salt n Pepa – “Expression” (remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o91eIeMiuEo
Salt n Pepa – Expression (Ben Liebrand’s Hard Ecu Mix) 1992
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oj-7WlJMYeA

Missy Elliot – Work It
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UODX_pYpVxk
Missy Elliot YouTube Music Selection
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FPoKiGQzbSQ&list=
PL8ACE8ED2989A4F35

 

Not a rapper, but a poet and playwright, who breaks it down:
Sarah Jones’s “Your Revolution”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xRgIGMwZd2o
Ninja Tune’s “Your Revolution” Remix by DJ Vadim featuring Sarah Jones (released in 2000):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m331XR4oPw0

 

International Selections:

Global Hip Hop Songs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C99DastyWnY&list=PLA72A697A9A870858
Brazilian Hip Hop Tunes:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jr6_pQm1n-U&list=PLD8A36B928A0A3997

To get a sense of how hip hop as a culture can no longer be claimed solely as a U.S. activity view the Planet B-Boy Documentary
Planet B-Boy (Trailer)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PpntYFfVoQU
Planet B-Boy DVD
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RWGqwcQKvFM

 

Reggaeton brings together elements of U.S. rap, Jamaican Dancehall, and afro-latin sounds:

Reggaeton vs. Hip-Hop Music Video Mini-Mix
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbKYlBvp0Gc

Daddy Yankee – La Noche De Los Dos ft. Natalia Jimenez
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GDBaeQ5JPuU
Daddy Yankee – Descontrol
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LpoFBlH4wMI

Reggaeton Mix 2013 HD Daddy Yankee, Don Omar, Pitbull, J Alvarez, Wisin Yandel, Arcangel, Dj Eduardo
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWJrWsQzRvo

Hip-Hop to Dubstep: International Music Styles and the Remix, Part 6 of 7

Above: “The Rise Of Dubstep | Documentary”, included in the resource selections below.

List of online resources and music selection for week 6 of Hip-Hop to Dubstep, taught during the summer of 2013 at The New School’s  Media Studies, Department of Communication. I will be releasing brief notes based on my class lectures in the near future. If interested in looking at the actual class webpage with all the weekly selections at once, feel free to peruse this link: http://navasse.net/NS/NCOM3039A/. My notes will not be available on the class webpage, only on each corresponding entry here on Remix Theory. Please note that links may become broken. If and when this happens, the best thing to do is to search for the source by name. And do let me know if anything is broken and I will look into it.

View:
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5

Week 6
UK Garage/Dubstep
July 8 – 12, 2013

Music Selecion and Relevant Links:

UK Garage Documentary
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=toV3mVjpl2w

A History of Dubstep in 4 Minutes – BBC Radio 1′s Stories
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aq8MSXitgJ0
A History of Dubstep – The BBC Radio 1 Chronicles
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LTHNgUUvcR0

The Rise of Dubstep Documentary
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d5xm50c45U4

Dubfiles – Dubstep Documentary (2008)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tFTu33uW8gA

Dubstep vs Drum n Bass: Icicle
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pEKOTKnfEAs

Rise of the Bedroom Producer – A Dance Music Documentary 2011
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZzUQxp0vcNw

The Year In Music: Dubstep’s Identity Crisis:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/therecord/2010/12/30/132447535/
the-year-in-music-dubsteps-identity-crisis

 

UK Garage:

24 Hours Experience – “Together” (1994)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gjz6Nz9HGq0
Note that this is basically a house record. This a transitional song towards UK Garage as it came to eventually evolved in the well-known MJ Cole “Sincere” (see below).
24 Hour Experience – Together (Robbie Styles Remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pBSKDx8f0aE

Roy Davis Jr. – Gabrielle (1996)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=721chzu9gJE

Tina Moore – “Never Gonna Let You Go” (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9VIBwOULKQ

Double 99 Ripgroove (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tHPp2JvRY-o

Antonio – “Hyperfunk” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQUkD1fTVPs
Antonio – Hyperfunk (Bootleg Brotherz bassic 2012 remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1uWxI8lER7I

Sound of One – As I Am (Todd Edwards Mix, 1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0x1b2qy4Z0

MJ Cole – “Sincere” (2001)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cy-djtiU5RE
MJ Cole – “Sincere” (Mig’s Petalpusher Vocal Remix, 2001)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FjusbJwI-z8
Jill Scott – Gettin’ In The Way (MJ Cole Remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TGz0tEn3vkQ

De la Soul – All good (Mj Cole Remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YUoVH3csdEY

 

 

Dubstep Selection:

Moldy – “Code and Chips” (2008)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dspFR7-kW2A

Skream – “Exothermic Reaction” (2011)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KandVSZbZAM
Skream – Give You Everything (feat. Freckles, 2010)
(Crosses over to 2step)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Au8yFdp9t1M&list=
PLA0E6C24FDF6193EA
YouTube Music Selection for Skream:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUk7AHQsCLk&list=
PLA0E6C24FDF6193EA

Headhunter – “Quanta” (2007)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QGgsv7G4FKE
Headhunter – “Locus Lotus” (2009)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gt1lY1ie-ks
YouTube Music Selection for Headhunter
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BNs3cf277N4&list=PL35A610435546A1F4

Skrillex, Bare Noize, Foreign Beggars – Scatta (2010)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nw-YjVp_ibQ
Skrillex, Song Selection 2013
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=whTuOnHNNRM
Documentary, Skrillex in Mexico
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PfhZUcrVhzs

Rusko – Woo Boost (2010)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WtMlB-BEMso
Rusko – Hold On (feat. Amber Coffman, Sub Focus Remix, 2010)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NI2b7qXUlnE

Hatcha – “Chillz” (2008)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nH0cIXhQRXU
Hatcha – “Conga Therapy” (2003)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6bN7Oh9hB8c

Benga – “I will Never Change” (2012)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mWsPOhUCgHM
Skream & Benga Mix – Heavy Bass – Real Deep, Dark Dubstep
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLUKpR1A7Lo

 

Notice that Massive Attack puts an emphasis on the third beat. This makes their compositions quite accessible for dubstep remixes:
Massive Attack – “Angel” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbe3CQamF8k
Massive Attack – “Angel” (Hereldeduke Re-Step) VIDLEG
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Knec8-cI818

Massive Attack – “Teardrop” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BAVUPu7URbc
Massive Attack – “Teardrop” (Chemical Brothers Remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wv24uMoGUZA

Massive Attack – Paradise Circus (2010)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEgX64n3T7g
Massive Attack – Paradise Circus (Zeds Dead Remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lL6Q0HJJBmE
Massive Attack – Paradise Circus (Gui Boratto Remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k8srRWePbko

 

100 Dubstep Drops 2013
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8rGiKv1xkE0
100 Dubstep Drops 2013 Part #2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ThRATvj3LK0

Hip-Hop to Dubstep: International Music Styles and the Remix, Part 5 of 7

Above: “portishead – documentaire – 1998 (welcome to portishead)”, included in the resource selections below.

List of online resources and music selection for week 5 of Hip-Hop to Dubstep, taught during the summer of 2013 at The New School’s  Media Studies, Department of Communication. I will be releasing brief notes based on my class lectures in the near future. If interested in looking at the actual class webpage with all the weekly selections at once, feel free to peruse this link: http://navasse.net/NS/NCOM3039A/. My notes will not be available on the class webpage, only on each corresponding entry here on Remix Theory. Please note that links may become broken. If and when this happens, the best thing to do is to search for the source by name. And do let me know if anything is broken and I will look into it.

View:
Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Week 5
Trip-Hop/Downtempo/Drum ‘n’ Bass
July 1 – July 5, 2013

Music Selection and Relevant Links:

The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode I – What is Drum and Bass?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EAV8L7wae_I
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode II – What is a Rave?
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GSC3plKDiZE
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode III – The Master of Ceremony
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uxkdckYB7VY
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode IV – The Life of a DJ
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bOcQHyGKj-A
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode V – Making Music
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-LnfVPV4Ymo
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode VI – The Next Generation
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_FTwpM-m2o
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode VII – The Future
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4OpHbkvdpG0
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode VIII – The Love
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uNfg4w4v4w

The Bristol Sound
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V34aBj4txCc
MASSIVE ATTACK PORTISHEAD Bristol Academy, 19th February 2005
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WS8ghabeIGc
portishead – documentaire – 1998 (welcome to portishead)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rElcSg81Qgo

Roni Size – BBC 2 – The Works Documentary Part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3lErrB_AVGQ
Roni Size – BBC 2 – The Works Documentary Part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ddhuq_cc1Q8

To undestand the process and history of sampling, view Nate Harrison’s
“Amen Break”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SaFTm2bcac
The Winstons – “Amen Brother”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GxZuq57_bYM

The concept album (to be considered in relation to noise and the studio as a music instrument):
The Pet Sounds/Sgt. Pepper Connection-Part 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cz4rHCRNy_U
The Pet Sounds/Sgt. Pepper Connection-Part 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IU7fG_tQoPo

Trip-Hop/Downtempo Selection:

Double Dee and Steinski Lesson 1:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a8Bkk4fwBHw
Double Dee and Steinski Lesson 2 (1984):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vaFQX5_4qJw
Double Dee and Steinki Lesson 3 (1985):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u4HEhOObGYw

Coldcut – “Say Kids What time is it?” (1987)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gOlI-pi3Zug
Coldcut – “Beats and Pieces” (1987)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DyIQ2Nzcx_E
(Coldcut remixed Eric B & Rakim’s “Paid in Full” thanks to the recognition of the two tracks above. See week 4 for links that explain more about “Paid in full.”)
Coldcut was heavily influenced by the aesthetics of cut & paste as performed on the turntables by Grandmaster Flash on his well-known “Grandmaster
Flash’s Adventures on the Wheels of Steel” (1981)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gXNzMVLqIHg

DJ Shadow – “Midnight in a Perfect World”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8FboDWxVuxc
JFB Midnight (Dj Shadow) Routine
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wgkzcid28ZU
Midnight In A Perfect World (Extended Version) – DJ Shadow
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oWRekgV671c
DJ Shadow – Midnight In A Perfect World [Gab Remix]
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MxK6GzfhuTo

Massive Attack – Protection (1994)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mpmc8m87
kIc&list=PLE02D96538B2819D1
Mad Professor vs. Massive Attack – No Protection (1994)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3VhggpAgF8&list=PL-W4U8Ymet4oRlZyU62u22ZwW7lIvZ6h5

Massive Attack – “Thankful for what you’ve got” (1991)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gcEeqFTx2_k
The above is a cover of Vaughn’s original recording:
William De Vaughn – “Thankful for What You’ve Got”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDTXljIqxRE
William De Vaughn’s composition was recorded in various dance versions (currently not sure of proper authors of these remixes):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0KFpaWVy-Ac
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZycUHTlfGpA
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=778JCaw4eZ0
Remixed by Paul Oakenfold and Steve Osborne
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d0H71Ps_1jU

Worth considering how Massive Attack’s cover gets remixed to fit the dialogue of a film (pay attention to how the verses get rearranged to complement the film):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lU4EnYbCHJM

Portishead – Dummy (1994)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6Rvde1YeLE
Portishead – Roseland New York City (Live)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZFwnlCudeC0

Portishead – Numb
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M6rJn_TEu5Y
Portishead – Numb (remix)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8VV8_BJQK8o

Portishead – “Sour Times”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g7gutsi1uT4
Blondie – “Heart of Glass”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WGU_4-5RaxU
Mashup – “Sour Glass” a mashup of Portishead “Sour Times” and Blondie’s “Heart of Glass”:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xzqyZFHOcE0

Massive Attack and Portishead – Glorybox
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=22kGEbIwmWY

Nightmares on Wax YouTube Music Selection from the Album Carboot Soul (1999):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SvOBGKhd8wg&list=
RD02OfHlA_ipUp0

DJ Kicks’ Thievery Corporation (1999)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqTHBOd_H4E
Thievery Corporation Live at KCRW (2011)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfwPJhwh0Ew

Kruder and Dorfmeister (KD Sessions)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCU36y5utlw&list
=PLBF9F0CC9321D7F65
First song in the KD session above is a remix of Roni Size’s “Heroes”(1997) :
Roni Size “Heroes”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xb7fQhz21OU

DJ Crush’s Strictly Turntablized (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OkYNQHtjYWM

Tricky – “Aftermath” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FWNOzFnYCI4
Tricky – Maxinquaye (Album, 1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8Xum7NrlEE&list=
PLBA6E68A26EBED593

 

Early Drum ‘n’ Bass (Jungle) Selection (note selection starts in the mid-nineties, just as Jungle is coming out of hardcore):

Shy FX & UK Apachi – Original nuttah (1994)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AzbdBk6XQ6Y

Marvelous Cain – Hitman (1994)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZU_jg3e7Lso
Remix:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hhBLcc7iVNQ
Arguably a popular intro to cut into a set. Note the influence of dancehall in this version. Also note the Amen Break: Marvelous Cain – “Hitman (Dream Team Mix)”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQvG21alkTA
Marvelous Cain – “Jump Up” (1994)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n45a1p3tryE

DJ Hype & Ganja Max (Feat MC Fats & DJ Daddy) – “Rinse Out” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GaX31WvdB-A

TDK – “Friday” (Circa mid-90s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfOuAq3xXKk

Splash – “Babylon” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=prFk3bLlLMU

Rude Bwoy Monty – “Summer Sumting” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zo3Fs_jonHY

Krome & Time – “Licence” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgDrr9fNA6U
(Note that it uses the splced amen break)
Krome & Time – “Ganja Man” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wSsVAzNXqRo

Droppin’ Science – “Easy” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BMU9-2oFi-U

 

Drum ‘n’ Bass Selection:

Goldie - Timeless (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gN0yH4UrXjI

Goldie – “What You Won’t Do for Love (Radio Edit)” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfkbRQIX3NQ
Compare Goldie’s version with 2pac’s “Do For Love” (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=br6y-BmBmRU
Original by Bobby Caldwell – “What You Won’t Do for Love”(1978)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8NQ-Bk63Hs8

Photek – Selections from Modus Operandi (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gpryFZtdM0A&list=
PLUdmMccuxH2HJrCrFvMUa6g2VlyPvOpTI
Photek – various selections
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9qJKxaWb0_A&list=
RD021DIesf-xgz0
Photek – “Knitevision” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1DIesf-xgz0

Roni Size & Reprazent – Selections from New Forms (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xb7fQhz21OU&list=
RD02CIU37LagLUM
Roni Size – “Watching Windows” (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AZeGmKK8ZW0
Nuyorican Soul Remix of Roni Size’s “Watching Windows”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i59m7ppfvhk

DJ Die – “Slide Away” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_1vWWfe9OM4

Adam F – “Brand New Funk” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=81L-4BodG6o

Ray Keith – “Do it” (1998)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zybnM4x_1Vo

Todd Terry – “Blackout” (1999)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IITE8aR5pqk
Todd Terry - Resolutions (1999)
http://www.discogs.com/Todd-Terry-
Resolutions/master/113293

Digital – “Far Out” (Remix) (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=71IAGWwU5uw

Ed Rush – Sabotage (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I0PxjQD8AKs

Aphrodite Music Selection
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPXeDp2zwSc&list=
PL2BE2C5E5AD1963BA

Kemistry & Storm, radio session (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3qUPkUWhfOM

 

Jazz/Ambient Drum ‘n’ Bass Selection:

T. Power vs. MK Ultra – “Mutant Jazz” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ep6QiLXHLy0

LTJ Bukem – Logical Progressions (1996-2000)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7xvcr8sCtlQ&list=
PL05E02CAEF38E1D6B

Cujo – “Traffic” (1997)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2KLl9Vf_Dg

Kosma – “Aeroboot” (2002)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IVnIdWiol8Q

Red Snapper – “Crusoe Takes a Trip” (1996)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cP2WedALHmQ

 

Drum ‘n’ Bass covers/versions worth of note:

Sade – “Sweetest Taboo”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kcPc18SG6uA
Sweet Corner – “Sweetest Taboo”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B6glc6egYdg

Beatles, “Come Together”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axb2sHpGwHQ
MC Olive, “Come Together” (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DVkPYGZnLks

Inia Kamose – “Here Comes the Hotstepper”
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qRMVL_kji40
Ini Kamose – “Here Comes the Hotstepper” (Booyaka Remix) (1995)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kV3S4s3hLWs
The hip hop version takes the chorus from “Land of a Thousand Dances” by The Head Hunters (1965)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=etlD8gF8okI
R & B version by Wilson Pickett was more popular (1966):
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fa4BfPQiKs

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