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Table of Contents for the Routledge Companion to Remix Studies Available

We have now turned in the manuscript of The Routledge Companion to Remix Studies, and can release the Table of Contents. The reader is due for release around December 14, 2014. The TOC is below:

Introduction Eduardo Navas, Owen Gallagher, xtine burrough

Part I: History
1. “Remix and the Dialogic Engine of Culture: A Model for Generative Combinatoriality” Martin Irvine
2. “A Rhetoric of Remix” Scott H. Church
3. “Good Artists Copy; Great Artists Steal: Reflections on Cut-Copy-Paste Culture” Stefan Sonvilla-Weiss
4. “Toward a Remix Culture: An Existential Perspective” Vito Campanelli
5. “An Oral History of Sampling: From Turntables to Mashups” Kembrew McLeod
6. “Can I Borrow Your Proper Name? Remixing Signatures and the Contemporary Author” Cicero da Silva
7. The Extended Remix: Rhetoric and history Margie Borschke
8. “Culture and Remix: A Theory on Cultural Sublation” Eduardo Navas

Part II: Aesthetics
9. “Remix Strategies in Social Media” Lev Manovich
10. “Remixing Movies and Trailers Before and After the Digital Age” Nicola Maria Dusi
11. “Remixing the Plague of Images: Video Art from Latin America in a Transnational Context” Erandy Vergara
12. “Race & Remix: The Aesthetics of Race in the Visual & Performing Arts” Tashima Thomas
13. “Digital Poetics and Remix Culture: From the Artisanal Image to the Immaterial Image” Monica Tavares
14. “The End of an Aura: Nostalgia, Memory, and the Haunting of Hip-hop” Roy Christopher
15. “Appropriation is Activism” Byron Russell

Part III: Ethics
16. “The Emerging Ethics of Networked Culture” Aram Sinnreich
17. “The Panopticon of Ethical Video Remix Practice” Mette Birk
18. “Cutting Scholarship Together/Apart: Rethinking the Political-Economy of Scholarly Book Publishing” Janneke Adema
19. “Copyright and Fair Use in Remix: From Alarmism to Action” Patricia Aufderheide
20. “I Thought I Made A Vid, But Then You Told Me That I Didn’t: Aesthetics and Boundary Work in the Fan Vidding Community” Katharina Freund
21. “Peeling The Layers of the Onion: Authorship in Mashup and Remix Cultures” John Logie
22. “remixthecontext (a theoretical fiction)” Mark Amerika

Part IV: Politics
23. “A Capital Remix” Rachel O’Dwyer
24. “Remix Practices and Activism: A Semiotic Analysis of Creative Dissent” Paolo Peverini
25. “Political Remix Video as a Vernacular Discourse” Olivia Conti
26. “Locative Media as Remix” Conor McGarrigle
27. “The Politics of John Lennon’s “Imagine”: Contextualizing the Roles of Mashups and New Media in Political Protest” J. Meryl Krieger
28. “Détournement as a Premise of the Remix from Political, Aesthetic, and Technical Perspectives” Nadine Wanono
29. “The New Polymath (Remixing Knowledge)” Rachel Falconer

Part V: Practice
30. “Crises of Meaning in Communities of Creative Appropriation: A Case Study of the 2010 RE/Mixed Media Festival” Tom Tenney
31. “Of ‘REAPPROPRIATIONS'” Gustavo Romano
32. “Aesthetics of Remix: Networked Interactive Objects and Interface Design” Jonah Brucker-Cohen
33. “Reflections on the Amen Break: A Continued History, an Unsettled Ethics” Nate Harrison
34. “Going Crazy with Remix: A Classroom Study by Practice via Lenz v. Universal” xtine burrough and Dr. Emily Erickson
35. “A Remix Artist and Advocate” Desiree D’Alessandro
36. “Occupy / Band Aid Mashup: ‘Do They Know It’s Christmas?'” Owen Gallagher
37. “Remixing the Remix” Elisa Kreisinger
38. “A Fair(y) Use Tale” Eric Faden
39. “An Aesthetics of Deception in Political Remix Video” Diran Lyons
40. “Radical Remix: Manifestoon” Jesse Drew
41. “In Two Minds” Kevin Atherton


Hach & Navasse Improvisation #3, 12-21-99

Hach & Navasse Improvization #3, 12-21-99 by Navasse on Mixcloud

This improvisation by Hach & Navasse was recorded on 12/21/1999. It consists of a series of loops from CDs improvised on two Pioneer CDJ-500IIs, a guitar and synthesizer. It was recorded on a four track analog recorder.

Hach & Navasse (Justin Peloian and Eduardo Navas) was formed during our graduate studies at Cal Arts during the years 1998 – 2000. Justin played guitar and keyboards, and I played loops on the CDJs and Turntables We performed in a series of events and recorded improvisational sessions from 1998 to about 2002 at which time we stopped collaborating and moved our separate ways.

A few months ago I found a digital version of the recording, along with a few other improvisations, which I had in storage. After listening to it a few times I decided that it was worth sharing online, because, with hindsight, I believe there are some decent moments in the thirty plus minutes of this piece. Many thanks to Justin for letting me share our collaboration online.

Track List:

1. Loop: unknown timbal loop by Unknown
2. Loop: E Preciso Perdoar by Cesária Évora, Caetano Veloso, Ryuichi Sakamoto
3. Loop: This City Never Sleeps by Eurythimics
4. Loop: I Waited for You by Dizzy Gillespie
5. Loop: Mind Trips (remix) by Brand New Heavies
6. Sliced Loop P. 1: Ko-wo Ko-wo (on top of “Mind Trips”) by Cachao
7. Loop: Influx by DJ Shadow
8. Sliced Loop P. 2: Ko-wo Ko-wo (on top of “Influx”) by Cachao

Navasse’s DJ Set for Remixed Media Festival IV

Navasse’s DJ Set for Remixed Media Festival IV by Navasse on Mixcloud

This is a recording of a DJ set practice session for a performance which took place at the Remixed Media Festival IV on April 26, 2014 at Culturehub/La Mama, NYC. The recording was done on April 23, 2014, and features all the songs that were mixed live. The improvisational aspects of transitions and remixing of tracks in the recording differs from the live performance as it is in these areas where a DJ takes artistic license to improvise.

Description from the Festival’s website:
Eduardo Navas’s research and writing on remixing as a creative act across culture is founded on his long term interest in DJing as an art form. His DJ set for RE/Mixed Media Festival IV will consist of a mix of early funk tracks, heavy Hip Hop bass samples, and selected reggae and caribbean-influenced beats.

Many thanks to Tom Tenney and Robert Prichard for making the Remixed Media Festival Possible for 4 consecutive years.

Anachronistic DJ set @ RE/Mixed Media Festival IV, NYC

I will be performing a DJ set at this year’s  RE/Mixed Media Festival IV. It’s happening at CultureHub Studio Space, 47 Great Jones St. on April 26, 8:45 PM.  Description form the website:

Eduardo Navas’s research and writing on remixing as a creative act across culture is founded on his long term interest in DJing as an art form. His DJ set for RE/Mixed Media Festival IV will consist of a mix of early funk tracks,  heavy Hip Hop bass samples, and selected reggae and caribbean-influenced beats.

Navasse Drum ‘n’ Bass Revisit Dec 13

Navasse Drum n Bass Remix Dec 13 by Navasse on Mixcloud

A mix revisiting some early Drum ‘n’Bass Anthems. Improvised and recorded on December 15, 2013.


Sound Improvisation at El Chopo Museum, September 7, 2013

Video streaming by Ustream

I recently participated at the El Chopo Museum‘s (Mexico City) series of events titled Bastard Pop. Above is the video archive of my performance which took place on September 7, 2013. The improvisation consists of three major sections. The first is an instrumental remix of Eric B and Rakim’s “Paid in Full” with James Brown’s “Payback.” This one is followed by a remix of John Cage’s  “Music for 5 Pianos,” “Music for 4 Pianos,” “Music for 3 Pianos,” and “Music for 2 Pianos” which together form a sound piece I call  “John Cage Music for 14 Pianos (Remix).” During the performance I doubled the remix and at one point people heard 28 pianos with different sound effects I set up specifically for the recordings. The last part consists of a remix of Kraftwerk’s “Numbers” with MJ Cole’s “Introduction,” a piece part of  his seminal 2step album “Sincere.” The end consists of bass-lines and synth-sounds that I developed with Audiomulch, the software I used for the performance. Throughout the performance I also manipulated the introduction to Laurie Anderson’s “Superman,” which is the last sample heard at the end of the improvisation.

The sound in the space was simply amazing. It is too bad that the videostream went into the red, with the result of sound distortion. At least people online will have an idea about the development of the sound piece. I plan to post a better recording of the improvisation at a later point.

John Cage Music for 14 Pianos (Remix)

John Cage Music for 14 Pianos (Remix) is a mashup of Cage’s “Music for 5 Pianos,” “Music for 4 Pianos,” “Music for 3 Pianos,” and “Music for 2 Pianos.” All four pieces are 7 minutes plus a few seconds long. After listening to the compositions over the years, I realized that a mashup of the four recordings would follow the principles of chance as promoted by Cage. As a result this piece is part of a series of Cage remixes I will be releasing in the near future.

I will be remixing “Music for 14 Pianos” live at the upcoming event on September 7, 2013 at the El Chopo Museum, UNAM in Mexico City, at which point it will become part of much longer performance.

The recordings were performed by Steffen Schleiermacher, and released in John Cage Complete Piano Music Volume1 & 2, 1998.

Navasse Improvisation Circa 2000-01

An improvisation on two CDDJ players and two Technics 1200s recorded at some point in 2000 or 2001. It consists of a remix of various artists including The Art of Noise, Steve Reich, Roni Size, Kraftwerk, Miles Davis, Kruder and Dorfmeister, Underworld along with some bleeps and glitches.

This was a session done in one sitting and it’s not as smooth as I would like; yet, there are enough good moments that I think it is worth sharing, especially given that I am unlikely to recreate it. I am unable to provide credit for some of the tracks due to the fact that I don’t have all the records I used with me at the moment. The list of the songs is below:

1) Intro: excerpts of Kraftwerk: Trans Europe Express (1990 reissue) 0:00
2) Herbaliser: A Mother (Kruder & Dorfmeister Remix, 1996) 1:30
3) Art of Noise: Dragnet (1987) 5:28
4) Kraftwerk: Expo 2000 (2000) 8:26
5) Roni Size and Reprazent: Trust Me (1997) 10:15
6 & 7: Drum n Bass tracks currently unable to check name.
8) Bleeps, 22:00
9) Miles Davis: Chocolate Chip (1992) 24:00
10) Underworld: Bruce Lee (1999) 27:35
11) Malcom McClaren: Hobo Scratch (1982) 30:30
12) Steve Reich: Pulses (1997) 33:20
13) Techno/trance house track, currently unable to check name,
14) Kraftwerk: Numbers (1981) 39:42
15) Art of Noise: Beatbox (1984) 42:37

Hip-Hop to Dubstep: International Music Styles and the Remix, Part 6 of 7

Above: “The Rise Of Dubstep | Documentary”, included in the resource selections below.

List of online resources and music selection for week 6 of Hip-Hop to Dubstep, taught during the summer of 2013 at The New School’s  Media Studies, Department of Communication. I will be releasing brief notes based on my class lectures in the near future. If interested in looking at the actual class webpage with all the weekly selections at once, feel free to peruse this link: http://navasse.net/NS/NCOM3039A/. My notes will not be available on the class webpage, only on each corresponding entry here on Remix Theory. Please note that links may become broken. If and when this happens, the best thing to do is to search for the source by name. And do let me know if anything is broken and I will look into it.

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5

Week 6
UK Garage/Dubstep
July 8 – 12, 2013

Music Selecion and Relevant Links:

UK Garage Documentary

A History of Dubstep in 4 Minutes – BBC Radio 1’s Stories
A History of Dubstep – The BBC Radio 1 Chronicles

The Rise of Dubstep Documentary

Dubfiles – Dubstep Documentary (2008)

Dubstep vs Drum n Bass: Icicle

Rise of the Bedroom Producer – A Dance Music Documentary 2011

The Year In Music: Dubstep’s Identity Crisis:


UK Garage:

24 Hours Experience – “Together” (1994)
Note that this is basically a house record. This a transitional song towards UK Garage as it came to eventually evolved in the well-known MJ Cole “Sincere” (see below).
24 Hour Experience – Together (Robbie Styles Remix)

Roy Davis Jr. – Gabrielle (1996)

Tina Moore – “Never Gonna Let You Go” (1997)

Double 99 Ripgroove (1997)

Antonio – “Hyperfunk” (1998)
Antonio – Hyperfunk (Bootleg Brotherz bassic 2012 remix)

Sound of One – As I Am (Todd Edwards Mix, 1998)

MJ Cole – “Sincere” (2001)
MJ Cole – “Sincere” (Mig’s Petalpusher Vocal Remix, 2001)
Jill Scott – Gettin’ In The Way (MJ Cole Remix)

De la Soul – All good (Mj Cole Remix)



Dubstep Selection:

Moldy – “Code and Chips” (2008)

Skream – “Exothermic Reaction” (2011)
Skream – Give You Everything (feat. Freckles, 2010)
(Crosses over to 2step)
YouTube Music Selection for Skream:

Headhunter – “Quanta” (2007)
Headhunter – “Locus Lotus” (2009)
YouTube Music Selection for Headhunter

Skrillex, Bare Noize, Foreign Beggars – Scatta (2010)
Skrillex, Song Selection 2013
Documentary, Skrillex in Mexico

Rusko – Woo Boost (2010)
Rusko – Hold On (feat. Amber Coffman, Sub Focus Remix, 2010)

Hatcha – “Chillz” (2008)
Hatcha – “Conga Therapy” (2003)

Benga – “I will Never Change” (2012)
Skream & Benga Mix – Heavy Bass – Real Deep, Dark Dubstep


Notice that Massive Attack puts an emphasis on the third beat. This makes their compositions quite accessible for dubstep remixes:
Massive Attack – “Angel” (1998)
Massive Attack – “Angel” (Hereldeduke Re-Step) VIDLEG

Massive Attack – “Teardrop” (1998)
Massive Attack – “Teardrop” (Chemical Brothers Remix)

Massive Attack – Paradise Circus (2010)
Massive Attack – Paradise Circus (Zeds Dead Remix)
Massive Attack – Paradise Circus (Gui Boratto Remix)


100 Dubstep Drops 2013
100 Dubstep Drops 2013 Part #2

Hip-Hop to Dubstep: International Music Styles and the Remix, Part 5 of 7

Above: “portishead – documentaire – 1998 (welcome to portishead)”, included in the resource selections below.

List of online resources and music selection for week 5 of Hip-Hop to Dubstep, taught during the summer of 2013 at The New School’s  Media Studies, Department of Communication. I will be releasing brief notes based on my class lectures in the near future. If interested in looking at the actual class webpage with all the weekly selections at once, feel free to peruse this link: http://navasse.net/NS/NCOM3039A/. My notes will not be available on the class webpage, only on each corresponding entry here on Remix Theory. Please note that links may become broken. If and when this happens, the best thing to do is to search for the source by name. And do let me know if anything is broken and I will look into it.

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Week 5
Trip-Hop/Downtempo/Drum ‘n’ Bass
July 1 – July 5, 2013

Music Selection and Relevant Links:

The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode I – What is Drum and Bass?
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode II – What is a Rave?
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode III – The Master of Ceremony
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode IV – The Life of a DJ
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode V – Making Music
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode VI – The Next Generation
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode VII – The Future
The Drum and Bass Diaries: Episode VIII – The Love

The Bristol Sound
MASSIVE ATTACK PORTISHEAD Bristol Academy, 19th February 2005
portishead – documentaire – 1998 (welcome to portishead)

Roni Size – BBC 2 – The Works Documentary Part 1
Roni Size – BBC 2 – The Works Documentary Part 2

To undestand the process and history of sampling, view Nate Harrison’s
“Amen Break”
The Winstons – “Amen Brother”

The concept album (to be considered in relation to noise and the studio as a music instrument):
The Pet Sounds/Sgt. Pepper Connection-Part 1
The Pet Sounds/Sgt. Pepper Connection-Part 2

Trip-Hop/Downtempo Selection:

Double Dee and Steinski Lesson 1:
Double Dee and Steinski Lesson 2 (1984):
Double Dee and Steinki Lesson 3 (1985):

Coldcut – “Say Kids What time is it?” (1987)
Coldcut – “Beats and Pieces” (1987)
(Coldcut remixed Eric B & Rakim’s “Paid in Full” thanks to the recognition of the two tracks above. See week 4 for links that explain more about “Paid in full.”)
Coldcut was heavily influenced by the aesthetics of cut & paste as performed on the turntables by Grandmaster Flash on his well-known “Grandmaster
Flash’s Adventures on the Wheels of Steel” (1981)

DJ Shadow – “Midnight in a Perfect World”
JFB Midnight (Dj Shadow) Routine
Midnight In A Perfect World (Extended Version) – DJ Shadow
DJ Shadow – Midnight In A Perfect World [Gab Remix]

Massive Attack – Protection (1994)
Mad Professor vs. Massive Attack – No Protection (1994)

Massive Attack – “Thankful for what you’ve got” (1991)
The above is a cover of Vaughn’s original recording:
William De Vaughn – “Thankful for What You’ve Got”
William De Vaughn’s composition was recorded in various dance versions (currently not sure of proper authors of these remixes):
Remixed by Paul Oakenfold and Steve Osborne

Worth considering how Massive Attack’s cover gets remixed to fit the dialogue of a film (pay attention to how the verses get rearranged to complement the film):

Portishead – Dummy (1994)
Portishead – Roseland New York City (Live)

Portishead – Numb
Portishead – Numb (remix)

Portishead – “Sour Times”
Blondie – “Heart of Glass”
Mashup – “Sour Glass” a mashup of Portishead “Sour Times” and Blondie’s “Heart of Glass”:

Massive Attack and Portishead – Glorybox

Nightmares on Wax YouTube Music Selection from the Album Carboot Soul (1999):

DJ Kicks’ Thievery Corporation (1999)
Thievery Corporation Live at KCRW (2011)

Kruder and Dorfmeister (KD Sessions)
First song in the KD session above is a remix of Roni Size’s “Heroes”(1997) :
Roni Size “Heroes”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xb7fQhz21OU

DJ Crush’s Strictly Turntablized (1995)

Tricky – “Aftermath” (1995)
Tricky – Maxinquaye (Album, 1995)


Early Drum ‘n’ Bass (Jungle) Selection (note selection starts in the mid-nineties, just as Jungle is coming out of hardcore):

Shy FX & UK Apachi – Original nuttah (1994)

Marvelous Cain – Hitman (1994)
Arguably a popular intro to cut into a set. Note the influence of dancehall in this version. Also note the Amen Break: Marvelous Cain – “Hitman (Dream Team Mix)”
Marvelous Cain – “Jump Up” (1994)

DJ Hype & Ganja Max (Feat MC Fats & DJ Daddy) – “Rinse Out” (1995)

TDK – “Friday” (Circa mid-90s)

Splash – “Babylon” (1995)

Rude Bwoy Monty – “Summer Sumting” (1995)

Krome & Time – “Licence” (1995)
(Note that it uses the splced amen break)
Krome & Time – “Ganja Man” (1995)

Droppin’ Science – “Easy” (1995)


Drum ‘n’ Bass Selection:

Goldie – Timeless (1995)

Goldie – “What You Won’t Do for Love (Radio Edit)” (1998)
Compare Goldie’s version with 2pac’s “Do For Love” (1997)
Original by Bobby Caldwell – “What You Won’t Do for Love”(1978)

Photek – Selections from Modus Operandi (1997)
Photek – various selections
Photek – “Knitevision” (1998)

Roni Size & Reprazent – Selections from New Forms (1997)
Roni Size – “Watching Windows” (1997)
Nuyorican Soul Remix of Roni Size’s “Watching Windows”

DJ Die – “Slide Away” (1998)

Adam F – “Brand New Funk” (1998)

Ray Keith – “Do it” (1998)

Todd Terry – “Blackout” (1999)
Todd Terry – Resolutions (1999)

Digital – “Far Out” (Remix) (1997)

Ed Rush – Sabotage (1997)

Aphrodite Music Selection

Kemistry & Storm, radio session (1997)


Jazz/Ambient Drum ‘n’ Bass Selection:

T. Power vs. MK Ultra – “Mutant Jazz” (1995)

LTJ Bukem – Logical Progressions (1996-2000)

Cujo – “Traffic” (1997)

Kosma – “Aeroboot” (2002)

Red Snapper – “Crusoe Takes a Trip” (1996)


Drum ‘n’ Bass covers/versions worth of note:

Sade – “Sweetest Taboo”
Sweet Corner – “Sweetest Taboo”

Beatles, “Come Together”
MC Olive, “Come Together” (1995)

Inia Kamose – “Here Comes the Hotstepper”
Ini Kamose – “Here Comes the Hotstepper” (Booyaka Remix) (1995)
The hip hop version takes the chorus from “Land of a Thousand Dances” by The Head Hunters (1965)
R & B version by Wilson Pickett was more popular (1966):

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